HIPS & SACRUM

Hips are prone to a variety of injuries, some of which can occur even if the joint is healthy. Others are the result of osteoporosis or other conditions that increase the vulnerability of this joint.

If you are experiencing hip pain and aren't certain what may be causing it, read on for a list of the most common types of hip injuries and an overview of potential treatments.

Bursitis

Bursae are fluid-filled sacs between the joint and soft tissues, which reduce friction. These can become inflamed and cause severe hip pain. This condition is known as bursitis. Bursitis is often the result of repetitive minor trauma to the area or due to a major injury. Age and overuse can also be factors that lead to hip bursitis.

Symptoms include pain, especially after long periods of inactivity or repetitive activity. The joint may also feel stiff and achy at all times. You may also find it difficult to move due to the severity of the pain.

DISLOCATION

Dislocation of the hip occurs when the ball found at the top of the femur slips out of its socket. This type of hip injury causes intense pain and will prevent you from being able to move your leg. Dislocating your hip requires a lot of force, like from a major fall or being in a car accident. People with a shallow hip socket or hip dysplasia are more susceptible to dislocation.

Symptoms include severe pain, the leg attached to the injured hip may be shorter than the healthy leg, and the leg may also be in an abnormal position.

COCCYX

coccyx injury results in pain and discomfort in the tailbone area (the condition is called coccydynia). These injuries may result in a bruise, dislocation, or fracture (break) of the coccyx. Although they may be slow to heal, the majority of coccyx injuries can be managed with cautious treatment.

The coccyx is the triangular bony structure located at the bottom of the vertebral column. It is composed of three to five bony segments held in place by joints and ligaments.

The majority of coccyx injuries occur in women, because the female pelvis is broader and the coccyx is more exposed.

COCCYX Injury Causes

Most tailbone injuries are caused by trauma to the coccyx area.

  • A fall onto the tailbone in the seated position, usually against a hard surface, is the most common cause of coccyx injuries.

  • A direct blow to the tailbone, such as those that occur during contact sports, can injure the coccyx.

  • The coccyx can be injured or fractured during childbirth.

  • Repetitive straining or friction against the coccyx (as happens in bicycling or rowing) can injure the coccyx.

  • Sometimes, the cause of coccyx injuries is unknown.

  • Less common causes of coccyx injuries include bone spurs, compression of nerve roots, injuries to other parts of the spine, local infections, and tumors.